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Technology and Youth: Growing Up in a Digital World

This course is intended for children who want to be a future computer scientist. They will learn coding logics with python programming language.

Python is a high-level, interpreted and general-purpose dynamic programming language that focuses on code readability. The syntax in Python helps the programmers to do coding in fewer steps as compared to Java or C++. As Python typically involves less code, it also takes less time to complete a job.

The Python language has diversified application in the software development companies such as in gaming, web frameworks and applications, language development, prototyping, graphic design applications, etc.

World leading companies are increasingly choosing Python as their preferential language. The vast majority of IT giants such as Google, Dropbox, Spotify and Instagram are using it.

Learning to write programs stretches your mind, and helps you think better, creates a way of thinking about things that I think is helpful in all domains. – Bill Gates

When children are introduced to coding, they gain appreciation of how digital technology work. Digital technology is a big part of many children’ lives, as they are surrounded by smart phones, video games, video entertainment, websites, and even robots.

Below are the main benefits of children’ learning how to code, and why coding is important for children and students to learn:

  • Children learn computational thinking – Children develop cognitive skills and learn a methodical, problem-solving process that resembles a computer when they learn to read and write code. Computational thinking can be applied to other situations aside from coding, as it is a way of thinking that solves practical problems.
  • Children learn to use logic – Logical thinking is required for coding. It consists of formulating step by step procedures to produce a desired outcome. It involves using expressions, selection, iteration, conditional and other logical statements and sentences.
  • Children learn problem solving – Coding teaches children to break down complex problems into components. For example, car mechanics diagnose car problems by replacing one part at a time to isolate the problem part. In coding, a programmer figures out bugs by generating intelligent hypotheses and tweaking parts of his code one component at a time to test which one solves the problem.
  • Children learn how things work, and create things that work – Coding teaches kids how to build, using cause and effect to make things work, and adapt them for his specific purpose.
  • Children learn to anticipate and avoid problems – In programming, children learn how to “handle errors”, that is, anticipate problems that will probably emerge, and writing the correct codes that will prevent the entire program to crash when the error happens.
  • Children learn structural thinking – Children learn how to build small pieces to add up to the solution.
  • Children learn algorithmic thinking – Algorithmic thinking is the ability to define clear steps to solve a problem or solving a task. It involves computational concepts like repetition, sequencing, and conditional logic.
  • Children learn perseverance – Children learn to persist if what they are creating is not working. They are compelled to analyze what is not working, why it is not working, and figure out how to correct it until it works.

Children can start coding when they start to show excitement and interest in it, like when a gamer child thinks that he can create his own game, or when he thinks he can create a program that will be useful or will entertain his friends. Early exposure will shape how he thinks, and makes computational thinking second nature.

At 7 or 8, most children have sufficiently developed logical and critical thinking skills needed for coding. Children as young as 10 can produce programs that achieve professional quality.

Coding is a creative and analytical hobby that provides a very different experience for children. It’s great to find a hobby to connect with and truly love and enjoy.

The important thing is coding prepares children for skills that are necessary in the future. Children also learn other important future skills like critical thinking, communication, collaboration and creativity.

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